Correlation between craving for sweets and alcoholism

4. august 2010  
Filed in News

In the following a new u.s. study, there may very well be the link between alcoholism in a child's family, and the child's own perception of depression, and the baby's cravings for sweets and other sweets. It shows just published research in the journal Addiction.

The american researchers examined the sweetness of the preference in children with genetic predisposition for alcoholism, and came to alcohol and the sweet taste manages to activate many of the same “belønningskredsløb” in the brain. The study also included children with depressive symptoms, to see if they had the same “belønningskredsløb” with sweets.

In the study attended 300 children between 5 and 12 years and their mothers. The children were allowed to taste five concentrations of sucrose (sugar) in water, while the researchers, from a questionnaire, rated the children's evs. depressive states. It was also noted the concentration of sukkervand individual children like best. Mothers ' participation in the study was to answer the questions about alcoholism in the family.

The most intense sweetness, of the five different variants sukkervand, consisted of 24 % sucrose, which corresponds to approx. 14 teaspoon. sugar in a cup of water. The result showed that out of the 300 children who participated in the survey, there were 37 children that seemed best on the most intense sweetness. It turned out that these 37 children had both alcoholism in the family and their own symptoms of depression. The intensity of the cutest mix was one-third sweeter than the other children in the study preferred.

The researchers uderstreger, however, that a preference for sweet as a child does not necessarily mean an increased risk of alcoholism later in life, writes Tandlægebladet.

Mennella JA, Pepino MY, Lehmann-Castor SM, Yourshaw LM. Sweet preferences and analgesia during childhood: Effects of family history of alcoholism and depression. Addiction 2010; 105: 666-75.

”Sweet” cultural background affects children cariesrisiko

10. april 2010  
Filed in News

If the mother and father have a short education or non-western background, the risk of caries in children is significantly larger than that of the average. It shows a new Norwegian study, published in Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology.

In the survey received 523 children made tandundersøgelse, while the parents responding to questions about the socio-economic conditions and on own tandplejevaner. In the group of parents with non-western background and education had the children, respectively, nine and twelve times more at risk for incipient caries in the enamel and tandbenet. This is due to excessive sugar intake, and lacked regular brushing.

Non-western background and education
“In the group of parents with non-western background and education had the children, respectively, nine and 12 times as likely to have incipient caries in enamel and in dentin. However, the confidence intervals for these probabilities was quite large, ie. uncertain and one should also notice that it is about 24 children out of a total of 523”, says Dorthe Holst, professor of samfundsodontologi at Oslo University, and adds:

"There is much to indicate that there is a "sweet", and not too systematic tandbørstekultur behind the numbers. Småbørnskulturen in part non-western families is different than it, which gradually came to characterize most of the nordic. We also find high cariesaktivitet among Norwegian children, but it is rather a windows - than a kulturudfordring. Fortunately, studies of the same issue, among 14-16-year-old children and young people in Oslo, have shown that the differences are blurred. A good and respectful communication with current families at risk should be able to give good results”.


Read more in Tandlægebladet no. 4 2010 or on the www.tandlaegebladet.dk

Lower sugar levies provide lower teeth

25. march 2010  
Filed in News

It is a bomb, in particular the children's and young people's dental health, sugar levies has fallen every year since 2001. It says Tandlægeforeningens president Susanne Andersen in a comment to the new information from the ministry of finance.

– We can see that the portions have become larger over the last ten years, and it is hardly unlikely that it has anything to do with the gradual tax reductions. Slikposerne have been greater, and the same is sodavandsflaskerne. While the biggest soda bottles for ten years ago called the 1½ litre, we are now up to 2 litres. And it is a big problem for the teeth. The large bottles of deadlines, especially children and young people to have a soda standing and taking a sip of it periodically. In this way, the teeth in a constant acid bath in, and the acid in the soda can in the worst case corrode the tooth enamel away, " says Susanne Andersen.

Studies have shown that every 7. teen, to a greater or lesser extent, have acid injuries of the tooth enamel.

In addition to syreskaderne is the sugar in soft drinks and sweets are one of the major culprits when it comes to holes in the teeth. The trend has for many years been, that the danes have fewer and fewer holes in the teeth, but Susanne Andersen is afraid that the positive development will stop, if the intake of sugar continues to increase.

Further information may be obtained from Tandlægeforeningen by contacting the communications officer May Falcon 70 25 77 11 or head of communications Claus Jørgensen on 70 25 77 11 or 21 26 56 98.